• McKinney-Vento: Homeless Education

    What is McKinney-Vento?

    McKinney-Vento refers to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, a federal law that provides educational support for students experiencing homelessness. The McKinney-Vento Act was designed to make sure homeless children and youth have equal access to the same free and appropriate public education as children and youth who are permanently housed. This includes preschool education.

    Who is eligible under the McKinney-Vento Act?

    According to federal legislation, any child who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence is considered homeless.

    As described in the McKinney-Vento Act, this includes:

    Sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason.
    Living in hotels, motels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate alternative accommodations.
    Living in emergency or transitional shelters.
    Living in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, bus or train stations not meant for habitation.
    Classified migratory and living in circumstances which or not a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence.
    ·         Additionally, students residing on their own or with someone who is not their parent or legal guardian because of being in a homeless situation are considered unaccompanied homeless youth.


    What families experiencing homeless need to know

    Under the McKinney-Vento Act, there are specific rights that a student has which includes the right to:

    Parents/guardians do not need a permanent address to enroll a child in school.
    Homeless children and youth have a right to enroll immediately in school, even if they do not have required documents such as school records, records of immunization and other required health records, proof of residency, guardianship, or other documents.
    Students have the right to enroll in either the school of origin (the school the child or youth attended before becoming homeless or was last enrolled) or the school in the attendance zone where the child is currently living, whichever circumstance proves to be in the child’s best interest.
    A child has the right to transportation services to and from the school of origin if returning to the home school is found to be in the child’s best interest.
    A child has the right to participate in extracurricular activities and all federal, state, or local programs for which he or she is eligible.
    Unaccompanied homeless youth have these same rights and can be assisted by the homeless education liaison or their designee. 
    Right to dispute an enrollment decision and for a child or youth to be admitted to the school in which enrollment is sought, pending the resolution of the dispute.

    Services provided by Greensville County Public Schools

    If a student is found eligible for services under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, the school system can provide these services:

    Transportation to the school of origin.
    Free school meals (breakfast and lunch).
    School supplies.
    Tutoring (if needed)
    Referrals to local resources.
    To determine the eligibility of a student and the entire household for McKinney-Vento services, parents or guardians should visit their local school and complete the “Determination of Housing Status” form.  


    For more information on enrollment and services for students experiencing homelessness, contact our local homeless education liaison for Greensville County Public Schools:

    Mrs. Laniesha S. Dunn, School Social Worker

    (434) 634-3748



    For additional information, visit Project Hope at http://www.wm.edu/hope


    Additional Resources:

    National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY)

    Website: naehcy.org

    Phone: (866) 862-2562


    National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty

    Website: nlchp.org

    Phone: (202) 638-2535


    National Center for Homeless Education at https://nche.ed.gov/